UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
ABBOTT LABORATORIES and
LABORATOIRES FOURNIER S.A.,
INTERNATIONAL SRL and
Abbott Laboratories ("Abbott") and Laboratoires Fournier S.A. ("Fournier") for
their Complaint against Biovail Laboratories International SRL ("Biovail SRL") and Biovail
Corporation ("Biovail Corp.") (collectively "Biovail") allege as follows:
NATURE OF THE ACTION
This is an action for infringement of United States Patent Nos. 6,277,405
("the '405 patent"), 7,037,529 ("the '529 patent"), and 7,041,319 ("the '319 patent"). This action
arises out of Defendants' filing of an Abbreviated New Drug Application ("ANDA") seeking
approval to sell a generic copy of Plaintiffs' highly successful TRICOR® 48 mg and 145 mg
products prior to the expiration of Plaintiffs' patents.
Plaintiff Abbott Laboratories is a corporation organized under the laws of
the State of Illinois, having its headquarters and principal place of business at 100 Abbott Park
Plaintiff Laboratoires Fournier S.A. is a French corporation having its
principal place of business at 28 Boulevard Clemenceau, 21000 Dijon, France.
Biovail SRL is an International Society with Restricted Liability formed
under the Societies with Restricted Liability Act of Barbados, having its principal place of
business at Chelston Park, Building 2, Collymore Rock, St. Michael, Barbados. On information
and belief, Biovail SRL is in the business of, among other things, manufacturing and selling
generic copies of branded pharmaceutical products for the U.S. market. Biovail SRL is a
wholly-owned subsidiary of Biovail Corp.
Biovail Corporation is a corporation organized and existing under the laws
of Canada, having its principal place of business at 7150 Mississauga Road, Mississauga,
Ontario L5N 8M5, Canada. On information and belief, Biovail Corp. is in the business of,
among other things, manufacturing and selling generic copies of branded pharmaceutical
products through various operating subsidiaries, including Biovail SRL. On information and
belief, Biovail Corp. has at all times relevant to this Complaint directed, encouraged, controlled,
authorized, and participated in the actions of Biovail SRL at issue in this case.
JURISDICTION AND VENUE
This Court has jurisdiction over the subject matter of this action pursuant
By letter dated September 30, 2008, Biovail SRL's counsel indicated that
his firm was designated as the agent for service of process at an address in Rochester, New York
pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 355(j)(2)(B)(ii) and 21 C.F.R. § 314.95. As a result, this Court has
On information and belief, Biovail SRL has had persistent and continuous
contacts with this judicial district, including developing and/or manufacturing pharmaceutical
products that are sold in this judicial district.
On information and belief, this Court has personal jurisdiction over
Biovail Corp. because Biovail Corp. has purposely availed itself of the benefits and protections
of New York's laws such that it should reasonably anticipate being haled into court here. On
information and belief, Biovail Corp. has had persistent and continuous contacts with this
judicial district, including developing, manufacturing, and/or selling pharmaceutical products
that are sold in this judicial district.
The Biovail Corp. website, located at the URL www.biovail.com, also
regularly and routinely solicits commercial activity in this district and in New York State, by:
a. Permitting New York residents to solicit Biovail product information and
b. Inviting New York residents to receive e-mail alerts from Biovail on its SEC
filings, its news releases and its upcoming events (see
c. Offering employment opportunities to New York residents (see
d. Soliciting interest from New Yorkers in investing in Biovail, and in
communicating directly with Biovail’s investor relations group (see
On information and belief, Biovail Corp. encouraged, directed, and/or
participated in the submission to the United States Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) of
On information and belief, Biovail Corp. and Biovail SRL operate as an
integrated, unitary business. For example, Biovail Corp. states in its regulatory filings that
references to "the 'Company,' 'Biovail,' 'we,' 'us,' 'our,' or similar words or phrases are to Biovail
Corporation and its subsidiaries taken together."
On further information and belief, Biovail Corp. includes within its U.S.
regulatory filings the activities of Biovail SRL, including revenue earned.
Biovail Corp.'s website, www.biovail.com, serves as the website for all of
Biovail Corp.'s subsidiaries, including Biovail SRL, with the sole exception of Biovail's Contract
Research Division, which according to the Biovail website, "operates as an independent business
On the Biovail website, the activities of Biovail SRL are attributed to
Biovail Corp. For example, Biovail Corp.'s website, www.biovail.com (About Biovail Section),
states that Biovail SRL "develops, manufactures, and sells Biovail's pharmaceutical products."
On September 3, 2008, Biovail Corp. announced the filing of the ANDA
at issue in this Complaint. See
Biovail Corp. Announcement, available at
howrelease&releaseid=1193368 (attached as Ex. A).
In its September 3, 2008 announcement, Biovail Corp. attributed the
infringing acts at issue in this Complaint not to Biovail SRL, but to itself.
Venue is proper in this Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1391(b) and (c),
Fournier is the owner by assignment of: (a) the '405 patent (attached
hereto as Exhibit B); (b) the '529 patent (attached hereto as Exhibit C); and (c) the '319 patent
(attached hereto as Exhibit D). The '405, '529, and '319 patents are collectively referred to herein
The '405 and '529 patents are titled "Fenofibrate Pharmaceutical
Composition Having High Bioavailability and Method for Preparing It." The '319 patent is titled
"Fenofibrate Pharmaceutical Composition Having High Bioavailability."
The Patents-in-Suit each expressly claim priority to and seek the benefit of
a French patent application, No. 97 00479, dated January 17, 1997 ("the '479 application").
Pawan Seth and André Stamm are the named inventors on the Patents-in-
Abbott is the exclusive licensee of the Patents-in-Suit.
The Patents-in-Suit, which currently expire on January 9, 2018, each claim
novel fenofibrate compositions that exhibit a particular dissolution profile.
Fenofibrate is useful as a lipid and cholesterol lowering agent for
treatment of adults with increased triglyceride levels.
Abbott has approval from the FDA to market fenofibrate tablets under the
TRICOR® (fenofibrate) is included in the FDA's list of "Approved Drug
Products With Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations" also known as the "Orange Book."
Approved drugs may be used as the basis of a later applicant's ANDA to obtain approval of the
ANDA applicant's drug product under provisions of 21 U.S.C. § 355(j).
The FDA's "Orange Book" also lists patents associated with approved
drugs. The Patents-In-Suit are listed in the "Orange Book" in association with TRICOR®
On information and belief, Biovail submitted ANDA No. 90-715 to the
FDA under § 505(j) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, 21 U.S.C. § 355(j), seeking
approval to engage in the commercial manufacture, use, and sale of fenofibrate tablets in 48 mg
and 145 mg dosages ("Biovail's Tablets, 48 mg and 145 mg"), as a generic version of the
By letter dated September 19, 2008, sent from an office located in this
judicial district, Biovail advised Abbott and Fournier that it had submitted ANDA No. 90-715
seeking approval to manufacture, use, or sell Biovail's Tablets, 48 mg and 145 mg, prior to the
The September 19, 2008 letter also advised Abbott and Fournier that
Biovail's ANDA included a certification under 21 U.S.C. § 355(j)(2)(vii)(IV) that, in Biovail's
opinion, the Patents-in-Suit are invalid, unenforceable, and/or will not be infringed by the
commercial manufacture, use, or sale of Biovail's Tablets, 48 mg and 145 mg.
On November 22, 1996, Pawan Seth, on behalf of Pharma Pass S.A.,
executed an "Invention Assignment and Cooperation Agreement" ("Assignment") with Fournier.
In this Assignment, Pharma Pass S.A. assigned to Fournier the patent right for the '479
application, "Pharmaceutical Composition of Fenofibrate with High Availability and Its
Preparation Method" as well as the patent rights for what became the Patents-in-Suit.
On information and belief, in December 2002, Biovail Corp. acquired
On information and belief, Biovail currently receives royalty payments
from Fournier as a result of the assignment of the '479 application.
Biovail, as the recipient of such royalties and the direct successor-in-
interest to Pharma Pass S.A., is in privity with Pharma Pass S.A. and, under the doctrine of
assignor estoppel, is estopped from contending that any patent claiming priority to the '479
application, including the Patents-in-Suit, is invalid and/or unenforceable.
This complaint is not the first-filed action relating to this dispute.
Plaintiffs earlier filed a suit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois
identical to this action. See Abbott Laboratories and Laboratoires Fournier S.A. v. Biovail
Laboratories International SRL and Biovail Corp.
, Case No. 08-CV-6274 (N.D. Ill.) The
present action has been filed to protect Plaintiffs' rights pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 355(j) in the
unlikely event that the first-filed action relating to this dispute does not proceed.
Plaintiffs filed first in the Northern District of Illinois because there is an
existing litigation against a different defendant in that court involving the same patents. See
Abbott Laboratories and Laboratoires Fournier S.A. v. Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc.
Plaintiffs repeat and reallege each and every allegation contained in
paragraphs 1 through 37 hereof, as if fully set forth herein.
35 U.S.C. § 271(e)(2) provides that the submission of an application under
21 U.S.C. § 355(j) for a drug claimed in a patent or for a drug use claimed in a patent is an act of
infringement if the applicant seeks FDA marketing approval effective prior to the expiration of
the patent. Biovail's submission of an ANDA for approval to sell fenofibrate tablets in 48 mg
and 145 mg dosages prior to the expiration of the Patents-in-Suit constitutes an act of
infringement of one or more claims of each of the Patents-in-Suit under 35 U.S.C. § 271(e)(2).
In addition, Biovail's Tablets, 48 mg and 145 mg infringe one or more claims of each of the
On information and belief, Biovail acted without a reasonable basis or a
good faith belief that it would not be liable for infringing the Patents-in-Suit.
Plaintiffs have no adequate remedy at law to redress Biovail's
Biovail's conduct renders this case "exceptional" as described in 35 U.S.C.
§ 285, which warrants an award of Plaintiffs' reasonable attorney fees.
Plaintiffs will be irreparably harmed if Defendants are not enjoined from
Plaintiffs repeat and reallege each and every allegation contained in
paragraphs 1 through 37 hereof, as if fully set forth herein.
Through the conduct alleged above, Biovail Corp. has knowingly and
actively induced Biovail SRL to infringe, and continue to infringe, one or more claims of each of
By reason of Biovail Corp.'s inducement of Biovail SRL's direct
infringement of the Patents-in-Suit, Biovail Corp. has caused and continues to cause irreparable
On information and belief, Biovail Corp.'s inducement of Biovail SRL's
direct infringement of the Patents-in-Suit will continue unless enjoined by this Court.
Plaintiffs have no adequate remedy at law for Biovail Corp.'s inducement
of Biovail SRL's direct infringement of the Patents-in-Suit.
This is an exceptional case within the meaning of 35 U.S.C. § 285, which
warrants an award of Plaintiffs' reasonable attorney fees.
PRAYER FOR RELIEF
a judgment that each of the Patents-in-Suit is valid and enforceable, and
each of the Patents-in-Suit is infringed under 35 U.S.C. § 271(e)(2) by Biovail's filing of its
an order that the effective date of the approval of ANDA No. 90-715 be
subsequent to the expiration date of each of the Patents-in-Suit;
a judgment that Biovail is estopped from contending that any of the
Patents-in-Suit are invalid or unenforceable;
an injunction prohibiting Biovail from commercially manufacturing,
selling or offering for sale, using, or importing the fenofibrate compositions claimed in the
Patents-in-Suit or otherwise infringing one or more claims of the Patents-in-Suit;
damages and/or other monetary relief pursuant to 35 U.S.C. § 284 in the
event of any commercial manufacture, use or sale of fenofibrate compositions falling within the
scope of one or more claims of the Patents-in-Suit by Biovail;
an award of Plaintiffs' interest, costs, reasonable attorneys' fees and such
other relief as the Court deems just and proper pursuant to 35 U.S.C. § 271(e)(4) and 35 U.S.C.
such other and further relief as the Court may deem just and proper.
Attorneys for Plaintiff Abbott Laboratories
1330 Connecticut Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20036-1795 Telephone: (202) 429-5517 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Attorneys for Plaintiff Laboratoires Fournier S.A.
1 International Diabetes Federation 20062 The Challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region and the strategies for response. Nov. 2006 (http://www.euro.who.int/document/e89858.pdf)3 ADA / EASD-Konsensus Leitlinie 2008: Nathan et al. Management of hyperglycaemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a conxensus algorithm for the initiation and adjustment of therapy: update regarding the thiazolidinedion
The CPN liaison service To provide a seamless mental health cases who, however, continue to be referred to service across the primary / secondary care CMHTs by GPs who feel that they do not have thenecessary expertise. Thus, there is a risk that some interface, it is necessary to look at the patients might find that neither primary nor needs of modern primary care and secondary care