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Is It A Problem In Our Area? 26. Mwapachu
Mashee Bakar, Ibrahimu Maumba and Devotha Bwire
In the Tanga District of coastal Tanzania, malaria is one of the primary causes of mortality for children under the age
of five. While some children are treated with malaria medications in biomedical facilities, as the World Health
Organization recommends, others receive home-care or treatment from traditional healers. Recognition of malaria
is difficult because symptoms can range from fever with uncomplicated malaria to convulsions with severe malaria.
This study explores why caregivers in the Tanga District of Tanzania pursue particular courses of action to deal with
malaria in their children. AIM
The aim of this project is to determine problem of Malaria in our area. Most of students are frequently suffered from
Malaria in our area and this hinders the lessons progressivity at school and home.
Studying malaria treatment at the local level in Africa would be incomplete without considering the role of traditional healers and traditional medicines, as traditional healers represent the first line of care for over 70 percent of the population in Tanzania . Currently, malaria is diagnosed and treated by traditional healers in a variety of ways including biomedical, traditional, or combinations of both, depending on the symptoms. The literature has shown repeatedly that traditional healers are consulted most often when the cause of illness is believed to be spiritual or demonic. A traditional healer may prescribe an array of treatments for a child with malaria including herbal remedies, such as prepared plants or roots, or spiritual remedies, such as exorcism. The Tanga District is known both for high rates of malaria and its vast network of traditional healers .With a population of over 240,000, the district is subdivided into 24 wards of varying size and population, and contains three large district hospitals and many smaller clinics [.
The causative agent of Malaria is Protozoan parasite Plasmodium.
There are some types of Plasmodium that cause the Malaria. These are; Plasmodium vivax
; it causes tertiary Malaria whose attack comes after every 48 hours. Plasmodium falciparum
; it causes malignant malaria found mostly in Central America, Brazil, Africa and Asia. Plasmodium ovale
;it causes mild tertiary malaria which attack after 48 hours Plasmodium malariae
; it causes quaternary malaria in which attacks occurs after every 72 hours. Plasmodium falciparum
is more common and found in both tropics and is the largest single cause of death in Africa.
Malaria is transmitted by the female mosquitoes of the Genus Anopheles. Anopheles arabiensis
is a parasite (vector)
visiting human blood as occasional meals. During feeding, infected mosquitoes pass on the Malaria parasite from the salivary glands.
A mature Plasmodium is injected into the blood stream to the liver to multiple and reproduces and affects the other liver cells.
The data were collected from the three areas of the study; these are
Mwapachu Secondary School
The following formula was used to calculate the percentages Percentage of male students suffered from malaria (Pm) = (nm/tm) X100 % Where: (nm)=Number of male students suffered from malaria from form one-form four (tm) =Total number of male students from form one-form four
Percentage of female students suffered from malaria (Pf) = (nf/tm) X100%.
(nf)=Number of female students suffered from malaria from form one-form four
(tm)=Total number of female students from form one-form four
The data interpretation was confirmed the prevalence of Malaria in our area.
Mader, S.S. (2001).Biology.
(5th).Mc Graw- Hill:
But Malaria prevention and control strategies may provide a greater benefit than the mere reduction of
Malaria alone. Therefore the Malaria is a problem in our area.
Magasi, S.C. (2008).New Essentials of Biology:For
Malaria may treated by using Anti-Malarian drugs to prevent disease. Examples of Anti-Malarian
Book one:Nyambari Nyangwine
drugs are Chloroquine, Fansidar, and Metakephine.
Not only the malaria can be prevented by using anti-drugs but also the other measures such as clothing
Mwaniki, I.M & Geoffrey, G.G. (2001).Fundamental
. Delah Educational Publishers: Tanzania
Sleep under a treated mosquito net which can repel and kill mosquitoes at night. This can help
Taylor, D.J. (1997).Biological Science
the people to be prevented from transmissions of malaria.
Furthermore; by smearing the mosquitoes repellent creams make the mosquitoes not to attack
Therefore the Government (Ministry of Health) has to make effort so as to reduce or remove the
high population of people suffered from malaria frequently in our area.
National Institute for Medical Research
The people must be taught about malaria and their effects. This may help to increase awareness on
The Ministry of health has to emphasis the Government on water constructions in the some area where
the water can lead the breeding sites of mosquitoes.
The Government has to set the principles or policy of environment especially in our are (Region in
Tanga). This can lead the awareness. For example here in Tanga there is programmer called Kalembo
at the end of each month but most of the people are not evolved in this programme in cleaning the
We are grateful to the patients
environment. So this programme must be emphasized
and their parents who made this work possible. We acknowledge our lovely Teacher Maulidi Said Omar for his assistance (supervision).Also we thank
Doctors at Mwakidila Clinic and all technical staff and
Research assistants who were evolved in clinical and laboratory data collection.
Assignment 6 – BS3b Statistical Lifetime-Models – Oxford HT 2013Model testing, proportional-hazards, accelerated life(a) Supppose that we have a random sample which includes right-censored data (censoring as-sumed non-informative). We wish to decide whether or not a Weibull distribution is appro-priate. Using an estimator of the survival function how might we graphically investigate theappr
SEZGIN GALLEYSFINAL2 11/18/2011 10:01 AM WOMEN’S RIGHTS IN THE TRIANGLE OF STATE, LAW, AND RELIGION: A COMPARISON OF EGYPT AND INDIA A personal status system can be defined as a system in which members of various ethno-religious communities, which are judicially recognized as such by central authorities, are subject to jurisdiction of communal (rather than national or territorial) norm