Aqua~Health Lithium Hypochlorite MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET SECTION 1 - IDENTIFICATION OF THE MATERIAL AND SUPPLIER PRODUCT NAME: Aqua~Health Lithium Hypochlorite Manufacturers’ Code & Pack Size: Recommended Use:
Swimming pool/spa sanitation and algae control
Waterco Limited 36 South Street Rydalmere, NSW 2116 Ph: (02) 9898 8600
Emergency Phone Number: Business hours only (02) 9898 8682 24 Hour Emergency Number: Australia:
Poisons Information Centre Australia Wide Ph13 1126 New Zealand: Poisons INFORMATION CENTRE 0800 POISON (0800 764 766) SECTION 2 - HAZARD IDENTIFICATION STATEMENT OF HAZARDOUS NATURE Classified as a hazardous substance according to the criteria of the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission. UN Number: UN Proper Shipping Name: Dangerous Goods Class: Packing Group: Hazchem Code: Risk Phrases:
Contact with combustible material may cause fire.
In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
36 South Street, Rydalmere, NSW 2116 Ph: 02 9898 8600 Aqua~Health Lithium Hypochlorite
SECTION 3 - COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Chemical Entity† Synonyms CAS Number Concentration
(including water) † Where they are present in this product and other ingredients of this material are not hazardous, as defined by either inclusion in the List of Designated Hazardous Substance or classified in accordance with the Approved Criteria for Defining a Hazardous Substance, and published by the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission/AGPS, 1999 SECTION 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES First Aid: Take a copy of this MSDS to medical advisers if signs or symptoms of overexposure occur and medical attention is required. Swallowed: Call a physician or Poison Information Centre. Do not induce vomiting or give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Drink promptly large quantities of water. Avoid alcohol. Skin: Remove contaminated clothing immediately and wash skin with plenty of soap and water. Get medical attention if irritation develops. Eye: Immediately flush with cold water for at least 15 minutes. Take care not to rinse contaminated water into the non-affected eye. Then get immediate medical attention. Inhaled: Remove to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, have trained person administer oxygen. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Call a physician immediately. First Aid Facilities: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash and safety shower. Advice to Doctor: Probable mucosal damage may contraindicate the use of gastric lavage SECTION 5 -FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES Hazchem Code: 1W Extinguishers: In case of fire or smoke, cal the fire department. Do not attempt to extinguish the fire without a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Do not let the fire burn. Flood with copious amount of water. DO NOT use ABC or other dry chemical extinguishers since there is the potential for a violent reaction. Use appropriate media for surrounding fire. 36 South Street, Rydalmere, NSW 2116 Ph: 02 9898 8600 Aqua~Health Lithium Hypochlorite
Fire Fighting Precautions: Fire-fighters should wear full protective clothing and self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Thoroughly decontaminate fire fighting equipment including all fire fighting wearing apparel after the incident. Combustion Products: Oxygen and toxic chlorine gases. Other Precautions: This product is combustible. Avoid conditions of extreme heat, contamination with moisture, solvents, acids, glycerine, turpentine, organic gases, gycols and other organic material
SECTION 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES Using appropriate protective clothing and safety equipment contain spilled material. Do not add water to spilled material. Using clean dedicated equipment, sweep and scoop all spoiled material, contaminated soil, and other contaminated material and place into clean dry containers for disposal. Do not use floor sweeping compounds to clean up spil s. Do not close containers containing wet or damp material. They should be left open to disperse any hazardous gases that may form. Do not transport wet or damp material. Keep product out of sewers, watersheds and water system. Do not contaminate water, food or feed by storage or disposal or cleaning of equipment. Dispose of according to local, state and federal regulations. SECTION 7 - HANDLING AND STORAGE
Handling: STRONG OXIDISING AGENT: Do not mix with other chemicals, except water. Mix only with water. Never add water to product. Always add product to large quantities of water. Use clean dry utensils. Do not add this product to any dispensing device containing remnants of any other product. Such use may cause a violent reaction leading to fire or explosion. Contamination with moisture, organic matter or other chemicals will start a chemical reaction and generate heat, hazardous gas, possible fire and explosion. In case of contamination or decomposition, do not reseal container. If possible, isolate container in open air or well ventilated area. Flood area with large volumes of water. Storage: Keep this product dry in its original container, (For bags: store dry product in its original unopened bag until use. For partially used bags: fold over top of bag and secure with adhesive tape. For bottles: store product in original tightly closed container when not in use). Store unopened and partially used containers in a secure location away from children. Store in a cool, dry ventilated area away from heat or open flame. Moisture may decompose this product and cause a violent reaction leading to fire and explosion. In case of decomposition, isolate container if possible and flood area with large amounts of water to dissolve all material before discarding this container. Do not contaminate food or feed by storage or disposal. Incompatibilities: This is a strong oxidising agent. Avoid contact with water on concentrated material in the container. Keep away from household soap, suntan lotion, paint products, solvents, acids, beverages, lighted cigarettes, combustible materials, garbage, dirt, dirty rags, organic materials and other swimming pool/spa chemicals in their concentrated forms. Mixing with any of the above materials can initiate a hazardous decomposition. Contact with acids or moisture evolves chlorine gas. Reacts with ammonia, urea and amines (can form reactive and toxic chloramines). Metal oxides can cause decomposition. 36 South Street, Rydalmere, NSW 2116 Ph: 02 9898 8600 Aqua~Health Lithium Hypochlorite
SECTION 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION
Exposure Standards: No ingredients in this product have exposure standards, as outlined in the standard Exposure Standards for Atmospheric Contaminants in the Occupational Environment third edition, published by the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission/AGPS, 1995. Engineering Controls: Personal Protective Equipment: Al personal protective equipment should be selected, used, maintained and decontaminated in accordance with manufacturers’ instructions and applicable standards. Clothing: Wear overal s, impervious gloves, rubber boots and rubber aprons when working with large volumes. Skin Protection: Wear rubber gloves when handling this product. Avoid contact with skin. Eye Protection: Wear goggles or safety glasses with side shields when handling this product. Respiratory Protection: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrants a respirator’s use. Personal Hygiene: Always wash hands after using this product. Always wash hands before eating, drinking, smoking or using the toilet. Remove and wash contaminated clothing before reuse. SECTION 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES Appearance/Odour:
Free-flowing, white granules with chlorine odour.
Vapour Pressure: Vapour Density: Boiling Point/Range: Freezing/Melting Point: Solubility in Water: Specific Gravity/Density: Flash Point: Ignition Temperature: SECTION 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY Chemical Stability: This product is stable under normal conditions. Conditions to Avoid: High temperature. Poor ventilation. Contamination. Moisture/high humidity. Incompatible Material: This is a strong oxidising agent. Avoid contact with water on concentrated material in the container. Keep away from household soap, suntan lotion, paint products, solvents, acids, beverages, lighted cigarettes, combustible materials, garbage, dirt, dirty rags, organic materials and other swimming pool/spa chemicals in their concentrated forms. Mixing with any of the above materials can initiate a hazardous decomposition. Contact with acids or moisture evolves 36 South Street, Rydalmere, NSW 2116 Ph: 02 9898 8600 Aqua~Health Lithium Hypochlorite
chlorine gas. Reacts with ammonia, urea and amines (can form reactive and toxic chloramines). Metal oxides can cause decomposition. SECTION 11 -TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION DANGER: Lithium hypochlorite is highly corrosive. Keep out of reach of children. Lithium hypochlorite can be corrosive to eyes, skin, nose and throat. Inhalation can cause coughing and difficulty breathing. If inhaled, remove to fresh air and obtain medical attention. On contact with the skin, flush affected areas with plenty of water. If the eyes are affected, seek prompt medical attention. If accidentally taken internally, drink plenty of water and obtain medical attention immediately. Lithium Hypochlorite is a strong oxidising agent. It should only be mixed with water. Routes of Exposure: Skin contact, inhalation, ingestion & eye contact. Acute Effects: Swallowed: May be fatal if swallowed. May cause burns to the mouth, throat and stomach resulting in vomiting, diarrhoea and abdominal pain. Skin: Danger: Corrosive: Causes skin burns. Do not get on skin. Eye: Danger: Corrosive: Causes severe eye damage. Do not get in eyes. Inhaled: Harmful if inhaled. Avoid breathing dust. Fine dust reaching the lungs is toxic. Chronic Effects: There are no known chronic hazards. SECTION 12 -ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
This pesticide is toxic to fish and aquatic organisms. Do not discharge effluent containing this product into lakes, streams, ponds, estuaries, oceans or other waters. SECTION 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Spil s should be swept up and placed in a clean, dry drum. Waste materials should be disposed of in accordance with local, state or federal regulations. SECTION 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION UN Number: UN Proper Shipping Name: Dangerous Goods Class: Packing Group: 36 South Street, Rydalmere, NSW 2116 Ph: 02 9898 8600 Aqua~Health Lithium Hypochlorite
Hazchem Code: Special Precaution to User:
This product is classified as dangerous good (Class 5.1 Oxidising agents). Transport in accordance with the Australian Dangerous Goods Code and Dangerous Goods legislation.
SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
Poisons Schedule: Product: Lithium Hypochlorite (CAS: 13840-33-0) is found in the following regulatory lists: AICS Listing Product: Potassium Sulphate (CAS: 7778-80-5) is found in the following regulatory lists: AICS Listing High Volume Industrial Chemicals List (HVICL) International Council of chemical Associations (ICCA) – High Production Volume List New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) HSNO Approval Code: HSR002794 Product: Lithium Chloride (CAS: 7447-41-8) is found in the following regulatory lists: AICS Listing New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) HSNO Approval Code: HSR005675 Product: Lithium Carbonate (CAS: 554-13-2) is found in the following regulatory lists: AICS Listing International Council of chemical Associations (ICCA) – High Production Volume List New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) HSNO Approval Code: HSR006826 Product: Lithium Chlorate (CAS: 36355-96-1) is found in the following regulatory lists: AICS Listing New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) HSNO Approval Code: HSR006826 Product: Lithium Hydroxide (CAS: 1310-65-2) is found in the following regulatory lists: AICS Listing New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) HSNO Approval Code: HSR005995 Product: Sodium Chloride (CAS: 7647-14-5) is found in the following regulatory lists: AICS Listing High Volume Industrial Chemicals List (HVICL) 36 South Street, Rydalmere, NSW 2116 Ph: 02 9898 8600 Aqua~Health Lithium Hypochlorite
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) HSNO Approval Code: HSR002722 SECTION 16 - OTHER INFORMATION Worker Training: As a minimum al workers using this product should be shown a copy of this MSDS before first use. Date of Preparation of this MSDS: Revised: Revised:
December 2010 – Hazard Identification, Regulatory Information
This MSDS contains only safety-related information. For other data see product literature. Acronyms: ADG Code
Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail, 7th Edition
Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances
Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number
Emergency action code of numbers and letters that provide information to emergency services especial y fire fighters
International Agency for Research on Cancer
Office of the Australian Safety and Compensation Council
Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs & Poisons
This material safety data sheet (MSDS):
1. Is produced by Waterco Ltd for use in Australia, and is based on information supplied to
2. Summarises our best knowledge of the health and safety hazard information of the product
and how to safely handle and use the product in the workplace,
3. Has been formatted to MSDS format accepted by the National Occupational Health and
4. Has been produced fol owing the principles and recommendation outline in the National Code of Practice for the Preparation of Material Safety Data Sheet published by the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission/AGPS, Canberra, 2003.
Each user must review this MSDS in the context of how the product wil be handled and used in the workplace. If clarification or further information is needed to ensure that an appropriated risk assessment can be made, the user should contact Waterco Ltd. If this MSDS is a copy, or more than five years old, contact Waterco Ltd for a new one.
36 South Street, Rydalmere, NSW 2116 Ph: 02 9898 8600
Manufacturer/Supplier: Upsher-Smith Laboratories, Inc. Address: 6701 Evenstad Drive, Maple Grove, MN 55369 Skin Corrosion: Category 3 Eye Corrosion: Category 2B Skin Sensitization: Not available Carcinogenicity: N/A Reproductive/Developmental: 2 Target Organ Toxicity (Repeated): Liver & Central Nervous System GHS Label: Symbols: Do not eat or drink in areas where Topiramate or a solution
Contents Comparaison of oral ciprofloxacin with parenteral ceftriaxone in treatment of acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis in women The efficacy of antibiotic therapy on recovery of tonsilectomy and adenotonsillectomy A. Meimane Jahromi, H. Honarvar, AR. Khalighi The effect of ultrasound and duration of stretching of the hamstring muscle group on the range of passive extension