Ch 11 - glossary.qxd
Acepromazine: Mild oral or injected sedative.
Correctional rope halter for impressing
Intramuscular injectable aid to joint wear and
‘Follow Me’ lesson. See War bridle.
tear. Oral equivalent is chondroitin sulphate. Seek
Blanket term for knee deformity. See text.
Castrate, geld, make a gelding.
Back up, or down
State of muscular tension, or
Unsightly blemish below rear of hock, rarely a
relaxation. Indicates whether young horse is, or is not,
Flat linked chain fitting below chin on more
Proprietary pelletted feed with high protein
severe bridles from nonracing disciplines. Only seen
Visible tendon irregularity caused by ill-
Antibiotic cream. Seek veterinary advice.
Remove nervousness by systematic and
Prevent most lateral vision, also called blinds.
Weaken in closing stages of race, specifically due
Die in his rider’s hands
Horse - To weaken after giving
erroneous impression that he was travelling
Antibiotic topical spray, universal ‘heal all’ in
reasonably comfortably. See Find nothing.
Horse - Unwilling to try his best, a rogue, a
Stableman who has done an
thief, a villain, a pig [male], a cow [female]. Normally
Equine leg protectors.
Excellent circulatory stimulator. Seek veterinary
Point [in time] of foot leaving ground to
Girth around chest to prevent roller from
Mount travelling very comfortably.
slipping back on yearlings and to prevent saddle
Along with ‘a dirty manger’, the amount of
slipping on light-framed horses in training and
their feed horses are reported as leaving. Check it
Exercise - short burst.
Withdraw feed and water for extended period prior
American, slang for very tight track, as at county
Jockey - allow mount to fall well behind in early
stages in order to reserve energy for finish. Also hold
Comes out of the back end of bulls. Very common
both in racing and the military because “B*******Always Baffles Brain”.
The leader is allowed to set his own pace
without being pressured by opponents.
Routine exercise gait for racehorse, should be
qualified by further description. The ground where
Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis: Infection by
ingested parasite compromises horse’s system and insevere cases leads to loss of co-ordination. Supposedly
Ability to run one or two furlongs fast, not
very useful in Thoroughbreds as minimum racedistance is much further.
Habitual racecourse visitors. See Punters. Implies,
not necessarily accurately, some informed knowledge
of the game. Can be very reliable sources of very
Clock in head
Rider’s [supposed] ability to accurately
Irregular, or very slow early, fractions.
Unregistered ancestors in a pedigree,
Informal work, horses of mixed ability in a
unlikely to have been completely racing bred.
Male horse’s over-awareness of his sexuality, too
Raised horizontal rings on hoof surface,
indicating sickness or violent diet change.
See Die in hands.
Kinder version of the rope loop twisted
Foot/pastern axis [or hoof/pastern]
around the nose to subdue rebellious subjects, this one
between the angle of the hoof and that of the pastern,
more like a weak nutcracker. Fairly painless but still
Foot, to have [or lack] a turn of
To have [or lack]
Left standing in breaking tackle.
acceleration. Sometimes referred to as having plenty of
Circulatory stimulator, particularly effective in
some foot problems. Extremely difficult to judgeclearance times. Seek veterinary advice.
Sectional times of race or work. Fast early
fractions the most costly in terms of energy.
Loss of normal fluency of action following
training or racing on firm ground. ‘Shouldery’.
Year end official assessment of the better
runners, now integrated with Europe and America.
Specifically horse which is inclined to refuse to go
on to the exercise ground. Many actually do their work
Difficult to restrain in early stages of race. In
as normal once they have jumped off, but the starting
Inclined to sweat without much exertion,
Jockey - replaced by another.
implies nervous, excitable. In America, washy.
Specifically showing wear and tear in fetlock joints.
Technically fastest racehorse gait. Denotes strong
work in Europe, but cantering exercise in America.
Successful theory of bonding with nervous or
Also ground where such exercise takes place.
unco-operative animals. Can achieve very quickresults in getting horses ridden for the first time, but
With more emphasis on stamina, suited
mouthing, traffic practice etc. needs to be done
Vigorous last-ditch effort, after Edward
Small pieces of metal loosely attached to breaking
‘Snapper’ Garrison, 19th century American jockey.
bit to encourage salivation, a moist mouth is thought
Get out of system
Violent but not sustained reaction
provoked, often deliberately, by incautious application
Internal inflammation of the foot, traditionally
associated with over-rich diet, but also symptomatic of
Inexperienced, unable to concentrate on putting
more general challenges to the animal’s system by
maximum effort into a race because of that.
systemic disease. Mild cases may not cause lameness,
Just out of a trot.
and so not be diagnosed. Very acute and often fatalversion known as ‘founder’.
Around 27 or 28 seconds per quarter mile.
Lay out of ground
Jockey - intentionally or otherwise, lag
Official assessment of horses ability
which dictates weight to be allotted.
Unreliable, likely to take advantage of the unwary.
Hands [to keep his mount in his]
Jockey - to have his
Common acquired failing amongst, especially older,
mount prepared to accelerate on demand.
Horse - tend to deviate from straight line. In
[noun] Specifically injury to tendon in foreleg. [adj.]
America, tend not to go through with his effort in
Leg trouble, leg problems - not specific, any limb
closing stages of race, be ungenuine.
Horse - gives his all in a race.
Long toe, low heel
Regrettably a common form of
Have a go
See Get out of system.
racehorse shoeing, minimises lost shoes, maximisesleg injuries.
Have it off
Gamble successfully. By implication not
really a gamble, due to advance knowledge of likely
Those horses taken out to exercise at the same
time, older horses were traditionally first lot, youngerones second lot, spares third lot.
Look of eagles
Superior expression in outlook of
Hold, to take
Horse - to pull for his head, try to accelerate.
racehorse, quite often indicates a superior runner.
Hold of, to catch or grab
Jockey - to take, more or less
Tend to hang towards the rail, the opposite of bear
roughly, a shorter hold of his mount as a signal to
Long rein used in early training from the
One able to get a living by hands-on work
ground, preferably with a swivel at the buckle to avoid
Formerly associated with secret
Infection by spirochete resulting in total
undermining of system, although manifestations may
What horsemen have. Also what prevents
not be correctly attributed because they are so varied,
in fact often referred to as ‘the great imitator’. Quite
possibly inherited, and certainly appears to be rife on
produce of stallions whose median yearling price is
certain properties. A very serious, though under-
Condition race/Allowance race/Weight for Age race
Horseman/showman. Join-up specialist
Eligibility requirements and weights to be carried
and inventor of reinforced rug for horses unhappy
are stipulated in conditions at time of entry.
with feel of starting stalls against their sides.
Stakes race/Listed race
In Britain, 3% of all races. A
Horse’s - good, bad, light, hard, one-sided etc.,
prestige category, winning confers heavier black
responsiveness, or lack of it, to bit.
Hybrid variety with no husk, hence more
Group race/Graded race
In Britain, the top 2.5% of all
races. Very prestigious, particularly Group One,
Need the race
Not yet fit.
winning them confers major black type.
Having a run [round], practising.
The very best races for three-year-olds,
No fut, no ’oss
run over distances from one mile to almost twomiles in Britain, nine furlongs to a mile and a half
First daily trip for horses in regular work
in America. Five races in European countries, three
programme, about 17 or 18 seconds per furlong.
in America. A winner of three classics is a Triple
Flaw in bone due to its irregular development.
The significance of it is not absolutely clear.
Weights allotted theoretically give all
The bettor has effectively become the
runners an equal chance, based on previous
bookmaker, in that the winnings will be less than the
performance. Obviously open to abuse.
amount risked due to the horse’s perceived
More logical system where connections
outstanding prospect of victory. A certain recipe for
effectively handicap their own animal. The class of
competition is relative to the claiming price. All
Structurally incorrect, see text.
horses can be claimed by qualified persons, an
Make a fuss of, show kindness to - and by implication
obvious disincentive to running a horse below his
class. Unfortunately, British system includes a
Pick up [his mount]
Jockey - See Hold of, to catch or
friendly claim so that abusers of the system can
hope to get their horses back if they run them intoo cheap a grade.
Pick up [his whip]
Jockey - Turn whip into forehand
Theoretically the lowest grade. The winner
is offered for sale by auction after the race, all other
runners can be claimed. Useful two-year-olds can
Low grade racehorse, originally selling plate
occasionally be found amongst selling race winners.
standard but competitive in low grade handicaps
Horse’s acquired ability to conduct
himself to best advantage during a race.
Touching young horse all over with a light pole in
Placing second lunge rein on off side so as
order to accustom to handling without risk of handler
to first commence using the bit as a steering device.
Revenons a ces moutons!”
“Let us get back to the
Horse of any size used for leading or accompanying
young or rebellious team members. Not a female in thecase of male followers.
Unjustified slang for blinkers.
The raised portion of the mouthpiece in some bar bits.
Rounding of the ground surface of the foot or
shoe at the toe to facilitate breakover.
Consequence of misbehaviour. To be
effective it must be seen as the immediate and
Heavy surcingle with breastgirth attached and
guaranteed consequence - stupidly a racehorse is
frequently punished for doing his best.
Traditionally a linen cloth for grooming; the
Bettors. More specifically, bettors in the
confidence of a lad or jockey who, directly or indirectly,
Abrasion to underside of fetlock joint caused
are payed for stable information. Unfortunately, often
by lack of strength in suspensory apparatus. Protected
found amongst the stable’s owners.
by run down bandages and/or patches, or by painting
Decorative markings on horse’s coat, to
Run in all shapes and sizes
Excuse used for purchase of
Races, basic types of:
Nonwinners. Can be restricted to animals
High class performer, stakes races tend
bought at auction below a stated price, or to the
Injury inflicted by forefoot on lower hind leg.
Often difficult to protect with bandage because of
Any disease undermining the system
angle of blow. Harness horses wear specific boot to
Taken off his feet, or legs
Unable to keep up, unbalanced
Physical frame showing likelihood of considerable
development and hence a racing career lasting beyondthe juvenile season.
His reputation precedes him, often
Veterinary endoscopic examination of the horse’s
Three parts [or three quarter, speed]
About 25 or 26
Ability of experienced horsemen to identify
likely successful runners on first quick inspection.
See Foot, to have [or lack] a turn of.
Symmetrical arrangement of bedding in stable,
Banned in Britain. Flange of about 1/4 inch on
the ground surface of the toe of a racing plate.
Azoturia, in America ‘Tied-up’. Acute muscular
Tongue tie or strap
Means of securing tongue in order to
avoid breathing or steering problems caused by its
Physically precocious, likely to come to hand early
Formal work, at predetermined weights, in which
Canter. See swinging canter, two minute rate.
there is at least one horse with known capabilities.
With tight turns or undulations, unsuited to
Distance of race, or work.
The race itself, as in ‘horse had a rough trip.’
Measured from hip to furthest point of buttock.
Safe transition from working to walking.
A long hip is more likely to indicate speed.
Two minute gallop [or rate (per mile)]
Reins fixed to saddle to keep head moderately
raised during driving and initial riding, attached to
Unable to initially attain a rhythmic stride
saddle by keepers fixed to girth straps.
through being outpaced, or having lost it through
Long weak pasterns.
exhaustion. Often involves a degree of poor riding.
Something about him
See Look of eagles.
Horse unwilling to do his best
Newly arrived or lowly regarded horses not
Jockey - exhaust, implicitly through faulty tactics,
Over-excited once fast work regime
commences, unable to relax at exercise.
Proprietary self-adhesive bandage.
Turn out. ‘Charlie Chaplin’.
Coverall excuse for poor performance, although
Bony enlargement on [usually] foreleg below knee.
Strap of material incorporated between up and
See Comealong. May actually predate any
down runs of exercise bandage and passed under the
Native American contact with horses.
fetlock to increase support to suspensory system.
See Free sweater.
Runs from head to girth and
prevents young horses adopting high head carriage.
Jockey - To reduce weight severely.
Fix to noseband or headcollar - not on to bit, which is
Weight for age
Scale of weights designed to neutralise
difference in maturity and strength between age
Carries his head much too high.
groups. Must always be considered in a trial.
Vigorous and prolonged grooming, previously
Common usage for all slow down and desist
a great annoyance to many horses. No longer
Soft swelling above of fetlock indicating some
Thick in wind, by implication due to insufficient
trauma in the area, quite common but requires
constant monitoring. In America, windpuff.
An inexplicably good effort, usually in a
small field or a false-run race, and usually not repeated.
A quick grooming.
Proprietary feed, a mix of grains in a molasses
Work for benefit of the two-year-old
Older horse not to
try to defeat younger work companion.
Iron rather than stainless steel bit,
Irritation induced to improve blood
supply to injured limb, in order to promote healing.
About 15 seconds per furlong. See Two
Not severe enough to completely stop training.
SPECIAL COMMUNICATION From the American Venous Forum Revision of the CEAP classification for chronicvenous disorders: Consensus statement Bo Eklöf, MD,a Robert B. Rutherford, MD,b John J. Bergan, MD,c Patrick H. Carpentier, MD,d Peter Gloviczki, MD,e Robert L. Kistner, MD,f Mark H. Meissner, MD,g Gregory L. Moneta, MD,h Kenneth Myers, MD,i Frank T. Padberg, MD,j Michel Perrin, MD,k C. Vaug
I want to thank all of you for having me here today. It is a real pleasure to meet with you and get a sense of the tradition of the Law and Medicine Center here at Case Western Reserve. There have been a lot of contributions made by this program over the last fifty years, but I am here to tell you that we need innovative ideas in law and medicine, and we need them more than ever in health policy.