What is it and where does it come from? Hoodia Gordonii (Asclepiadaceae) looks like a cactus, but is actually a milkweed-like plant that grows in Botswana and the Kalahari Desert in Southwestern Africa. It was just introduced to the US market in early 2004. What does it do and what scientific studies give evidence to support this?Hoodia Gordonii has been used by the South African San tribe for thousands of years. The San used this plant when they went hunting. Hoodia helped to prolong hunting trips by suppressing hunger, increasing energy levels and even improving libido! Modern science has shed light on how Hoodia functions. It is believed that Hoodia sends signals to the brain that make the brain believe that the body is full, even when it is not. These signals are believed to be thousands of times stronger than the signals that sugar sends to the brain for the same reason.
What is it and where does it come from? L-tyrosine is a nonessential organic amino acid that is a building block of protein. It is an organic amino acid due to the presence of a carbon atom in its makeup. It is a precursor of the neurotransmitter dopamine, as well as a precursor to the adrenal hormones norepinephrine and epinephrine. The body can make L-tyrosine from the amino acid phenylalanine. L-tyrosine rich foods include animal meat, wheat products, oatmeal and seafood. What does it do and what scientific studies give evidence to support this? L-tyrosine may help athletes avoid overtraining, due to its ability to offset fatigue. Because L-tyrosine is a precursor of Dopamine, supplementing with L-tyrosine may heighten mental alertness, increase feelings of well being, and offset physical and mental fatigue. 3) VINPOCETINE…
What is it and where does it come from? Vincamine is found in the leaves of Vinca minor (lesser periwinkle) plant, and is a precursor to vinpocetine - potent pharmaceutical that has many positive effects on the brain and body. What does it do and what scientific studies give evidence to support this? The benefits observed from vincamine supplementation are attributable to the substance to which it converts in the body: vinpocetine. Vinpocetine increases blood circulation and oxygen flow to the brain. Animal studies have demonstrated that vinpocetine can reduce brain cell death that can result from decreased blood flow to the brain. Vinpocetine is a powerful antioxidant and it also enhances the delivery of glucose to the brain. Glucose is the brains primary fuel source, and without it the brain will shut-down. If glucose delivery to the brain is terminated or severely decreased, one can lose consciousness and fall into a coma. Clinical research has demonstrated that vinpocetine can help treat the early stages of cerebrovascular disorder a disorder of the brain characterized by blood flow irregularities. This disease can result in decreased brain function, personality disorders, and mental retardation. Because of its ability to protect the brain and enhance brain function, vinpocetine and its precursor vincamine are effective at treating patients with early-onset dementia. They can also help treat some cases of clinical and situationally dependant depression.
In research, the clinical results of administration pointed to continuous improvement in individual symptoms of depression. Continued supplementation led to high remission percentages. Most importantly, and unlike many commercial pharmaceuticals, very few cases of side-effects were reported.
Not surprisingly, athletes who supplement with vincamine report significant improvement in visual acuity, memory and focus. Vincamine supports the brain and improves its function. Athletes also report that vincamine is extremely thermogenic. It causes rapid losses in bodyfat, and it accomplishes this by stimulating the release of the hormone norepinephine. It is, not surprisingly, a popular ingredient in over-the-counter weight loss supplements. This product is now available at LA Boxing Littleton at 25% off suggested retail prices.



Área: África Subsahariana/Seguridad y Defensa ARI Nº 168/2008 Fecha: 23/12/2008 Actos de piratería y bandidaje cometidos frente a las costas de Somalia: análisis desde el derecho internacional Tema : Existen diferencias en la naturaleza y calificación de los actos de violencia cometidos frente a las costas de Somalia, por lo que merecen un tratamiento jurídico distinto.

Microsoft word - parent of adolescent questionnaire

CEDAR CREEK ASSOCIATES …private, independent practitioners PARENT OF ADOLESCENT QUESTIONNAIRE Personal and Family Information Name of adolescent If your child was adopted, please answer the following questions: At what age was the child adopted? Does the child know he or she is adopted? If yes, at what age was the child told? Has your child had any contact with

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