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Buchsoz.pdf

Buchstaben und Sonderzeichen
à = Aktivität, kumuliert • antinukleärer Antikörper
Å = Ångström[einheit][= 10–10 m][Phy]
 = Symbol für Flächenintegralvektor
A– = Anion
A– = Blutgruppe A, Rhesusgruppe negativ
a = ante [L](vor)
A+ = Blutgruppe A, Rhesusgruppe positiv
A A = ana partes aequales [L](zu gleichen Teilen)
aa = ana partes aequales [L](zu gleichen Teilen)
A + A = Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin [Messe/Ausstellung]
AB– = Blutgruppe AB, Rhesusgruppe negativ
AB+ = Blutgruppe AB, Rhesusgruppe positiv
A/B = acid-base ratio [A]
A + B = Arbeits- und Belastungserprobung [Arb]
A > B = air greater than bone conduction [A](bessere Luft- als Knochenleitung)
A/C = anterior chamber [of eye][A] • assist/control ventilation [A]
ACAT/H = Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis [A]
a.c. & h.s. = ante cibos et hora somni [L](vor den Mahlzeiten und vor dem Schlafengehen)
A/C ratio = albumin/coagulin ratio [A]
A/D = Analog-Digital-Konverter
A & D = ascending and descending [A]
ADIA & PM = Association of Dental Implant Auxiliaries & Practice Management [A]
A/DV = arteria/deep venous [A]
ÅE = Ångström-Einheit
A + E = accident and emergency [Department][A](Notaufnahmestation)
AF/TexCAPS = Air Force/Texas Coronary Atherosclerosis Prevention Study [A]
A/G = Albumin-Globulin-Quotient (albumin-globulin ratio [A])
Ag/Ak-Komplex = Antigen-Antikörper-Komplex
Ag/Ak-Reaktion = Antigen-Antikörper-Reaktion
A'gen = Angiotensinogen
A/G-Quotient = Albumin-Globulin-Quotient
A/G ratio = albumin-globulin ratio [A](Albumin-Globulin-Quotient)
A/I = aptitude index [A](Eignungsindex)
A/K = above knee [A](oberhalb des Knies)
A/m = Ampere pro Meter [Einheit der magnetischen Feldstärke]
AM + CT = antibiotic medicine and clinical therapy [A]
AMI/HMI = acute myocardial infarction on healed myocardial infarction [A](akuter Myokardinfarkt
an der Stelle eines abgelaufenen Myokardinfarktes) A/N = artery and nerve [A] • as needed [A](wie gebraucht)
A & O = alert and orientated [A](wach und orientiert) • aware and orientated [A](wach und orien-
AP & L = anterior, posterior und lateral
A + P = Adnexe und Parametrien • Auskultation und Perkussion (auscultation and percus-
A & P = Adnexe und Parametrien • anterior und posterior • assessment and plans [A](Beurtei-
lung und weiteres Vorgehen) • Cave! • Auskultation und Palpation • ‚ Auskultation undPerkussion (auscultation and percussion [A]) A/P = Aszites-/Plasma-Relation
A/R = apical/radial [A]
A & R = advised and released [A]
a/s = aux soins [F]
A/SV = arterio/superficial venous [A]
A & T = Adenotomie und Tonsillektomie
AT/GC = Adenin-Thymin/Guanin-Cytosin (Ratio)
B– = Symbol für konjugierte Base
B– = Blutgruppe B, Rhesusgruppe negativ
B+ = Blutgruppe B, Rhesusgruppe positiv
B/A = backache [A](Rückenschmerzen)
B & O = Belladonna und Opium
B + B = Behandlungs- und Befundbericht
b/c = benefit/cost [ratio][A]
BC/BS = Blue Cross/Blue Shield [A]
°Be = Grad Baumé [Einheit der Wichte von Flüssigkeiten]
BEM(A) = Bewertungsmaßstab Ärzte
B/F = bound/free (ratio)[A](gebunden/frei [Verhältnis])
B/H = bill of health [A]
BH/VH = body hematocrit-venous hematocrit [ratio][A]
B & J = bone and joint [A](Knochen und Gelenk)
b/m = beats per minute [A](Schläge pro Minute)
B/O = because of [A](wegen)
B & O = Belladonna und Opium
B/P = blood pressure [A](Blutdruck)
BP & P = blood pressure and pulse [A]([arterieller] Blutdruck und Puls)
B & S glands = Bartholin's and Skene's glands [A](Bartholinische und Skensche Drüsen)
c = cum [L](mit)
°C = Celsius [Einheit der Temperatur]
c/a = contra [L](gegen)
CA/N = child abuse and neglect [A]
Ca/P-Quotient = Calcium-Phosphor-Quotient
C & C = culture and sensivity [A]
CC & C = colony count and culture [A]
C / C / E = clubbing, cyanosis, edema [A](Trommelschlegelfinger, Zyanose, Ödembildung)
C/D = cigarettes per day [A] • cup to disc ratio [A]
C & D = curettage and desiccation [A] • cystoscopy and dilatation [A]
C & DB = cought and deep breath [A]
C/F = colored female [A](weibliche Farbige)
CG/OQ = cerebral glucose - oxygen quotient [A]
C & H = Cocain und Heroin
c/h = counts per hour [A] • cycles per hour [A]
C/I = certificate of insurance [A]
Ci/ml = Curies pro Milliliter
C/kg = Coulomb pro Kilogramm [Einheit der Ionendosis]
Cl– = Chlorid [-ion]
CLT(NCA) = Certified Laboratory Technician by the National Certification Agency for Medical
C & M = cocaine and morphine [mixed][A](Kokain-/Morphinmixtur)
C/M = colored male [A](männlicher Farbiger)
c/m = counts per minute [A](Impulse pro Minute) • cycles per minute [A](Impulse pro Minute)
c/min = counts per minute [A](Impulse pro Minute) • cycles per minute [A](Impulse pro Minute)
cm/s = Zentimeter pro Sekunde
cm/sec = Zentimeter pro Sekunde
CNR-OD1 = CNR Multicenter Prospective Study OD1 [A]
c/o = care of [A] • complaints of [A](Beschwerden von)
C/P = Cholesterin-Phospholipid-Quotient
C + P = cystoscopy and pyelogram [A](Zystoskopie und Pyelografie)
CP & T = Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics [A]
C & R = convalescence and rehabilitation [A]
Cr & Br = crown and bridge [A](Krone und Brücke [Za])
c/s = counts per second [A](Impulse pro Sekunde) • cycles per second [A](Impulse pro Sekunde)
C & S = conjunctiva and sclera [A] • culture and sensitivity [A](Kultur und antibiotische Testung)
c/sec = counts per second [A](Impulse pro Sekunde) • cycles per second [A](Impulse pro
C/T = coëfficient thérapeutique [F]
C/V = Coulomb pro Volt [Einheit der elektrischen Kapazität]
c/w = consistent with [A](verträglich mit)
D+ = Rhesus-positiv
D– = dextro [L](rechts)
d– = dextro [L](rechts) • dextrogyr [L](rechtsdrehend) • rhesus-negativ
D = mean dose [A]
/d = pro die [L](pro Tag)
D/A = day of admission [A] • discharge and advise [A]
D/A-Umsetzer = Digital-Analog-Umsetzer
D/B = date of birth [A]
dB(A) = Dezibel (A)[mit Bewertungsfilter A gemessen]
DB & C = deep breath and coughing [A]
dB(PN) = perceived noise decibels [A]
D/C = diarrhea/constipation [A] • discharge [A](Entlassung) • discontinue [A](beenden)
D & C = dilatation & curettage [A](Dilatation und Curettage) • Drugs and Cosmetics [A]
DC & B = dilatation, curettage and biopsy [A]
DCCT/EDIC = Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Intervention
D/DW = dextrose in destilled water [A]
D5%DW = dextrose 5 % in destilled water [A]
D & E = dilatation and evacuation [A](Dilatation und Ausräumung [Gyn])
D/F = Diagnose je Fall
D & L = Dilatation und Curettage
D/M = disintegrations per minute [A](Zerfälle pro Minute)
d/m = disintegrations per minute [A](Zerfälle pro Minute)
DMF/T = decayed, missing or filled teeth [A](faule, fehlende oder gefüllte Zähne [Za])
D/N = dextrose-nitrogen ratio [A]
D/NS = dextrose in normal saline [A]
D5%NS = dextrose 5 % in normal saline [A]
dp/dt = Differentialquotient der Druckänderung nach der Zeit [= Druckanstiegsgeschwindigkeit]
dp/dv = Volumenelastizitätskoeffizient
DPTI / TTI = diastolic pressure time index/tension time index [A](Quotient aus diastolischem und
D/S = dextrose/saline [A]
D/T = death to total ratio [A](Gesamtletalität)
D & V = diarrhoea and vomiting [A](Durchfall und Erbrechen)
D/W = Dextrose in Wasser
D5%W = Dextrose 5 % in Wasser
dyn/cm = dyn pro Zentimeter (Maß für Oberflächen- bzw. Seitenspannung)
E' = Elastizitätsmodul der Gefäße
e– = Elektron
e+ = Positron
E + B = Entlassungs- und Befundbericht
E/C = estrogen-creatinine ratio [A](Östrogen-Kreatinin-Quotient)
EC/IC = extracranial-intracranial • Extracranial/Intracranial Arterial Bypass Study [A]
ED/LD = emotionally disturbed and learning disabled [A]
E & H = environment and heredity [A](Umgebung und Vererbung)
E/I = Exspirations-/Inspirationsquotient
E + L = Equity and Low [Ver]
E & M = endocrine and metabolism [A](innere Sekretion und Stoffwechsel)
E/m = ratio of charge to mass of an electron [A](Verhältnis der Ladung zu Masse eines Elektrons)
EMC & R = emergency medical care and rescue [A]
EPCL/SNCL-ratio = ectopic pacemaker cycle length to sinus node cycle length-ratio [A]
E + R = equal and regular [A]
E + U = Ektopie und Umwandlungszone [Gyn]
E^x = Exponent hoch „x“ [z.B. 10 E^3 = 103)
E^−x = Exponent hoch „-x“ [z.B. 10 E^3 = 10−3)
f/ = female [A](weiblich)
f– = falsch negativ
F+ = hochentzündlich [Gef][Arb]
f+ = falsch positiv
°F = Grad Fahrenheit
F B = Finger[spitzen]-Boden[abstand]-Test
F/C = fever and chills [A](Fieber und Schüttelfrost)
F & D = fixed and dilated [A]
F & E = Forschung und Entwicklung
F F = Finger-Finger-Test
f : h = femme : homme [F](weiblich : männlich)
F/I = fever due to infection [A]
F & L = Forschung und Lehre
F N = finger-to-nose-test [A](Finger-Nase-Test)
F & R = force and rhythm [A](Kraft und Rhythmus [des Pulses])
F/N = Finger-Nase-Test (finger to nose test [A])
F T = finger to toes test [A]
F/U = follow-up [A](Weiterbeobachtung)
F Z = Finger-Zehen-Test
g% = Grammprozent [= 1 g% = 10 g/l]
G/A = general anesthesia [A](Vollnarkose)
Gc/s = gigacycles per second [A]
G & D = growth and development [A]
G/E = granulocyte/erythroid [ratio]
g/dl = Gramm pro Deziliter
G/G = Prozentgehalt Gewicht in Gewicht
GG + F = Gesellschaft Gesundheit und Forschung
g/kg = Gramm pro Kilogramm
G/l = Giga pro Liter [= 109 pro Liter]
g/l = Gramm pro Liter
g/m = gallons per minute [A]
g/ml = Gramm pro Milliliter
gm/l = grams per liter [A]
g/100 ml = Gramm pro 100 Milliliter [= 1g/100 ml = 10 g/l]
GM & S = General Medicine and Surgery [A]
G/N = glucose/nitrogen ratio [A](Glukose/Stickstoff-Verhältnis)
G & O = gas and oxygen [A]
G/P = Gravida/Para
GPt/l = Gigaplatelet per liter [A]
gr– = gram-negativ
gr+ = gram-positiv
g/s = gallons per second [A]
G + S = group + screen [A](Blutgruppe und Kreuzblut)
G & S = group and save [serum][A](Blutgruppe bestimmten und bereithalten)
G/V = Prozentgehalt Gewicht zu Volumen
G & W = Glyzerin & Wasser
H+ = Wasserstoffion
/h = pro hora [L](pro Stunde)
H & C = hot and cold
H + E = hematoxylin and eosin [A]
H & E = hemorrhage and exsudate [A] • heredity and environment [A](Erbgut und Umwelt)
h : f = homme : femme [F](männlich : weiblich)
H & H = hematocrit and hemoglobin [A]
H/H-Klassifikation = Hunt/Hess-Klassifikation [Neu]
H/K = Herz-Kreislauf
H/L = hydrophil/lipophil [Ratio]
H & L = Herz und Lunge (heart and lung [A])
H & N = head and neck [A]
H/O = history of [A]
H & P = history and physical [examination][A](Krankengeschichte und körperliche Untersuchung)
H & R = hysterectomy and radiation [A]
H/S = Helfer/Suppressor [-Zellration] • Hyposensibilisierung
H & S = Hysterotomie und Sterilisation
H S = hell-to-shin test [A](Hacken-Schienbein-Test)
H + T = hospitalization and treatment [A]
H & V = hemigastrectomy and vagotomy [A]
IÅ = Internationale Ångström-Einheit
IÅE = Internationale Ångström-Einheit
I & D = Inzision & Dränage (incision and drainage [A])
I/E = Inspiration/Exspiration [Ratio]
I & E = internal and external [A]
IE/kg KG = internationale Einheiten pro Kilogramm Körpergewicht
I/G = Insulin-Glukose-Quotient
IMR(a)D = introduction, material, results and discussion [A](Einleitung, Krankengut, Ergebnisse
I/O = in / out [A](ein / aus)
I & O = intake and output [A](Ein- und Ausfuhr)
IPPB/I = intermittent positive pressure breathing/inspiratory [A]
I/s = Impulse pro Sekunde
i/s = inches per second [A](Zoll pro Sekunde)
I/T = intensity/[duration] time [A](Intensität/Zeit[-dauer])
i/t-Kurve = Impulsstärke- [i] und Impulsdauer- [t] Kurve [= Reizzeit-Spannungskurve]
IU/l = international units per liter [A]
IU/min = international units per minute [A]
IVUS/QCA = Intravascular Ultrasound Quantitative Coronary Angiography Study [A]
/J = pro Jahr
J/C = Joule pro Coulomb [Einheit der elektrischen Spannung]
JC– = Jones criteria negative [A](Jones-Kriterien negativ)
JC+ = Jones criteria positive [A](Jones-Kriterien positiv)
J/K = Joule pro Kelvin [Einheit der Wärmekapazität, Einheit der Entropie]
J/kg = Joule pro Kilogramm [Einheit der Äquivalentdosis, Einheit der Energiedosis]
J/s = Joule pro Sekunde [Einheit der Leistung, Einheit des Wärmestroms]
J/T = Joules per Tesla
°K = Grad Kelvin
K+ = Kaliumion
K/A = ketogenic/antiketogenic ratio [A](ketogenes zu antiketogenes Verhältnis)
K/A ratio = ketonic-antiketonic ratio [A](ketogenes zu antiketogenes Verhältnis)
kat/l = katals per liter [A]
K + B = Krankheits- und Befundbericht
kc/s = kilocycles per second [A][= Kilohertz]
K/F = Kosten je Fall
kg/cm2 = Kilogramm pro Quadratzentimeter
kg/l = kilograms per liter [A]
kg/m = kilograms per meter [A]
kg/m3 = Kilogramm pro Kubikmeter [Einheit der Dichte]
K+i/K+e = Kaliumquotient [Verhältnis zwischen intra- und extrazellulärem Kalium]
KMc/s = kilomegacycles per second [A]
km/h = Kilometer pro Stunde
KS/OI = Kaposi-Sarkom mit opportunistischer Infektion
K/T = Kosten je Behandlungstag
L+ = Limes Tod
L– = linkskonfiguriert [Stereoisomer]
l– = laevogyr (linksdrehend)
L/3 = lower third [A](unteres Drittel)
L + A = Licht und Akkommodation (light and accommodation [A])
L & B = left and below [A]
L/D = light/darkness [ratio][A]
L & D = labor and delivery [A](Geburtsstation)
l/ext = lower extremity [A](untere Extremität)
l/h = Liter pro Stunde
L & H = lungs and heart [A]
l/m = Liter pro Minute
lm/ft2 = lumens per square foot [A]
l/min = Liter pro Minute
lm/m2 = lumens per square meter [A]
L/P = Laktat-/Pyruvatquotient
Lp(a) / Lp(b) / Lp(c) = Lipoprotein-A / -B / -C
L/P ratio = Quotient von Lymphozyten zu Polymorphkernigen
LR– = negative Likelihood ratio [A][Sta]
LR+ = positive Likelihood ratio [A][Sta]
L/R = links/rechts (Quotient)(left-to-right [ratio][A])
L & R = links und rechts (left and right [A])
L/S = Lezithin-Sphingomyelin-Quotient
l/s = Liter pro Sekunde
L & S = liver and spleen [A]
L/S-Quotient = Lecithin-Sphingomyelin-Quotient
L & U = lower and upper [A]
L & W = living and well [A](lebend und gesund)
L/W = living and well [A](lebend und gesund)
m/ = male [A](männlich)
m– = meta-Stellung
M' = wirksame Masse
M = Mittelwert (im statistischen Vergleich)
/M = pro Monat
/m = pro Minute
M/3 = mittleres Drittel
M/10 = zehntelmolare Lösung
M/100 = hunderstelmolare Lösung
mÅ = Ångström[einheit][Phy]
M + Am = myopischer Astigmatismus (myopic astigmatismus [A])
M/C = male, castrated [A][Vet]
M + C = Morphin-Kokain-Mischung
MCA/MR = multiple congenital anomalities/mental retardation [syndrome][A]
MCA/MRS = multiple congenital anomalities/mental retardation syndrome[A]
MCR/BHF = Medical Research Council, British Heart Foundation Heart Protection Study [A]
MC & S = microscopy, culture and sensitivity [A](Mikroskopie, Kultur und antibiotische Testung)
MDK-T/O = Tarifvertrag der Medizinischen Dienste Ost
M/E = myeloid/erythroid [ratio][A]
meq/l = milliequivalent pro Liter
M/F = male to female [A](Verhältnis männlich : weiblich [Sta])
M & F = mother and father (Mutter und Vater)
mg% = Milligrammprozent (Milligramm pro 100 ml)
mg/dl = Milligramm pro Deziliter
mg/h = Milligramm pro Stunde
mg/kg KG = Milligram pro Kilogramm Körpergewicht
mg/l = Milligramm pro Liter
µg/l = Mikrogramm pro Liter [= 10–6 Gramm pro Liter]
m/h = Meter pro Stunde
mIE/l = internationale Millieinheit pro Liter
/min = pro Minute
mkat/l = Millikatal pro Liter
M/L = Mponozyten/Leukozyten [Verhältnis]
ml/kg KG = Milliliter pro Kilogramm Körpergewicht
ml/min = Milliliter pro Minute
M & M = morbidity and mortality [A]
µMol/l = Mikromol pro Liter [= 10–6 Mol pro Liter]
mmol/l = Millimol pro Liter [= 10–3 Mol pro Liter]
µmol/l = Mikromol pro Liter [= 10–6 Mol pro Liter]
m/o = months old [A](Monate alt)
MO & G = Master of Obstetrics and Gynaecology [A]
mol/kg = moles per kilogram [A]
mol/l = molecules per liter [A]
µmol/l = Mikromol pro Liter [= 10–6 Mol pro Liter]
µMol/l = Mikromol pro Liter [= 10–6 Mol pro Liter]
MRC/BHF = Medical Research Council, British Heart Foundation Heart Protection Study [A]
m/s = Meter pro Sekunde [Einheit der Geschwindigkeit]
m2/s = Quadratmeter pro Sekunde [Einheit der kinematischen Viskosität]
m/s2 = Meter pro Quadratsekunde [Einheit der Beschleunigung]
m/sec = Meter pro Sekunde
m : w = männlich : weiblich
N/2 = halbnormal [Lösung]
N/10 = zehntelnormal [Lösung]
N/50 = fünfzigstelnormal [Lösung]
N/100 = hunderstelnormal [Lösung]
n/a = not apllicable [A](unzutreffend)
NASPE/BPEG = North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology/British Pacing and
N/C = nasal canula [A](nsale Sauerstoffmaske) • nucleus-cytoplasmic ratio [A]
ng/dl = Nanogramm pro Deziliter
Ni/Cd-Zellen = Nickel-Kadmium-[Herzschrittmacher-] Batterien
N & M = Neven und Muskeln (nerves and muscles [A])
N/m = Newton pro Meter [Einheit der Oberflächenspannung]
N/m2 = Newton pro Quadratmeter [Einheit des Druckes]
N/mm2 = Newton je Millimeter
Nm/s = Newton-Meter pro Sekunde
N/R = Nutzen/Risiko [-Abwägung]
Ns/m2 = Newtonsekunde pro Quadratmeter
N & T = nose and throat [A](Nase und Hals)
N + V = nausea and vomiting [A](Übelkeit und Erbrechen)
N / V / D / C = nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation [A](Übelkeit, Erbrechen, Durchfall, Ver-
o– = ortho [-Stellung]
o = nothing [L](nichts)
O & A = odontectomy and alveolectomy [A]
O & B = Opium und Belladona
O & C = onset and course [A](Beginn und Verlauf)
O & E = observation and examination [A](Beobachtung und Untersuchung)
o/e = on examination [A]
O/F = Oxidation/Fermentation (oxidation/fermentation [A])
–OH = Hydroxylgruppe
OH– = Hydroxylgruppenradikal
OM & S = osteopathic medicine and surgery [A]
O & P = ova and parasites [A](Wrumeier und Parasiten)
O/R = Oxidation/Reduktion
Osm/kg = Osmol pro Kilogramm
Osm/l = Osmol pro Liter
O/W = Öl-in-Wasser [-Emulsion](oil in water [A])
p– = para-(Stellung)
p+ = Proton
/P. = pro Patient
P & A = Perkussion und Auskultation (percussion and auscultation [A])
PA & F = Perkussion, Auskultation und Fremitus
pg/l = Picogramm pro Liter [= 10–12 g pro Liter]
PM + R = physical medicine and rehabilitation [A](Bewegungstherapie und Krankengymnastik)
P & N = Psychiatrie und Neurologie (psychiatry and neurology [A])
P/O-Quotient = Relation ATP zu Sauerstoff
PP & A = Palpation, Perkussion und Auskultation
PPPPP(P) = pain/pallness [pallor]/paresthesia/pulselessness/paresis [paralysis]/(prostration) [A]
(Schmerz, Blässe, Gefühllosigkeit, Pulslosigkeit, Bewegungsverlust [Schock][= Merkregel fürarteriellen Gefäßverschluß] PP/SV = ration of pulse pressure to stroke volume [A](Quotient aus Pulsdruck und Schlagvolu-
P/p-System = Blutgruppensystem mit dem Faktor P
P & PT = Prothrombin-Proconvertin-Test
P & P-Test = Prothrombin-Proconvertin-Test
P & R = pulse and respiration [A]
P/S = Plasma/Serum [ratio] • polyunsaturated/saturated [ratio][A]
P & S = paracentesis and suction [A](Parazentese und Absaugung) • permanent and stationa-
ry [A] • Physicians and Surgeons [A] P/S-Quotient = Verhältnis von Polyen- zu gesättigten Fettsäuren
P & T = pharmacy and therapeutics [A]
P/V = pressure/volume [A](Druck-Volumen-Verhältnis)
P & V = Pyloroplastik und Vagotomie
PW– = negativer prädiktiver Wert [Sta]
PW+ = positiver prädiktiver Wert [Sta]
PWTF% = posterior wall thickness fraction percent [A](prozentuale Hinterwanddickenzunahme)
° = cardiac output [A]
Q′ = every hour [A](jede Stunde)
Q° = every hour [A](jede Stunde) • perfusion [flow] rate [A]
Q/Q = Blutfaktoren
R’ = indirekte standardisierte Rate [Sta]
r’ = direkte standardisierte Rate [Sta]
R+ = rechtskonfiguriert (Stereoisomer)
+R = Rinne positiv [Oto]
–R = Rest [in chemischen Formeln] • Rinne negativ [Oto]
r– = rechtsdrehend
R° = Reinheitsgrad
°R = Grad Reaumur
rac– = Razemat
rad/s = Radiant pro Sekunde [Einheit der Winkelgeschwindigkeit]
rad/s2 = Radiant pro Quadratsekunde [Einheit der Winkelbeschleunigung]
R & B = right and below [A]
R/C = resistance/compliance [A](Zeitkonstante)
R & D = research and development [A](Forschung und Entwicklung)
R & E = research and education [A] • round and equal [A](rund und seitengleich [Oph])
RER+ = replication error positive [A][Gen]
rev/min = revolutions per minute [A]
RF– = renforcement négatif [F]
RF+ = renforcement positif [F]
r / g / m = rubs/gallops/murmurs [A](Reibe-/Gallopp-/andere Herzgeräusche)
r/h = roentgens per hour [A]
Rh(+) = Rhesus positiv
rh(–) = Rhesus negativ
R/L = links/rechts [Quotient](left-to-right [ratio][A]) • Röntgendosis in der freien Luft gemessen
R & L = rechts und links (right and left [A])
r/m = rotations per minute [A](Umdrehungen pro Minute)
R/O = Röntgendosis an der Oberfläche
r/o = rule out [A](auszuschließen)
R R = mittlerer arterieller Blutdruck
R & R = rate and rhythm [A](Frequenz und Rhythmus) • rest and recuperation [A] • Rotablator
R/S = responder/stimulator ratio [A] • Verhältnis Reaktion/Stimulus
R/s = roentgens per second [A]
r/s = rotations per second [A](Umdrehungen pro Sekunde)
s = sine [L](ohne)
s– = symmetrisches Isomer [Che]
/S = pro Stunde
/s = pro Sekunde
S/A = sinoatrial [F]
S & A = sickness and accident [A] • sugar and acetone [A](Zucker und Azeton)
scf/min = standard cubic feet per minute [A]
SC & M = sensation, circulation and motion [A]
S/D = systolisch/diastolisch
S & E = safety and efficiency [A]
/sec = pro Sekunde
S/E-Ratio = Spender-/Empfänger-Ratio
S/V = surface/volume ration [A]
S/H = sample and hold [A]
S & H = speech and hearing [A](Sprechen und Hören)
S & I = suction and irrigation [A]
SK&F = Smith, Kline & French
S/L = Sphingomyelin-Lezithin-Quotient • survival/lethality [A]
S/L-Quotient = Sphyngomyelin-Lecithin-Quotient
S/m = Siemens pro Meter [Einheit der elektrischen Leitfähigkeit]
S/N = signal/noise [relation][A](Signal-/Rausch [-Verhältnis]) • serial number [A](Seriennummer)
s/p = status post [L](Zustand nach) • suspected [A](verdächtig)
S / S = signs and symptoms [A](klinische Zeichen und Symptome)
S + S = signs and symptoms [A](klinische Zeichen und Symptome) • sitting and standing [A]
/Std = pro Stunde
S/V = surface/volume ration [A]
SV/HV = Quotient aus Schlag- und Herzvolumen (ratio of stroke volume to heart volume [A])
s/w = schwarz-weiß
S/W-Komplex = Spitze-Wellen-Komplex (spike/wave complex [A])
S/W-Variante = Spitze/Woge-Variante [im EEG]
sx = Standardabweichung des Mittelwertes
T– = Test negativ [Sta]
T+ = Test positiv [Sta] • sehr toxisch [Gef][Arb]
/T = pro Tag
T + A = Tonsillektomie und Adenotomie (tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy [A])
T & C = turn and cough [A] • type and crossmatch [A](Blutgruppenbestimmung und Kreuzprobe)
T + C = type and crossmatch [A]
T & E = trial and error [A]
T & EC = trauma and emergency center [A]
T & H = type and hold [A][Häm](Blutgruppe bestimmen und bereit halten)
TIA + CE = Transient Ischemic Attack + Carotid Endarterectomy [A][Stu]
TMP/SMX = Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazol
TMP/SMZ = Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazol
T/NT = tumor/non tumor ratio [A]
T + P = Temperatur + Puls
T/P = tissue-plasma ratio [A]
T/P ratio = through-to-peak ratio [A](Tief- zu Höhepunktverhältnis)
T/P relation = through-to-peak relation [A](Tief- zu Höhepunktverhältnis)
TPt/l = Tera platetet pro liter [= 1012]
T & R = tenderness and rebound [A]
T/S = Thyreoidea-/Serumjodverhältnis
t/s = tours per second [A]
T & T = time and temperature [A] • touch and tone [A]
T & X = type and crossmatch [A](Blutgruppenbestimmung und Kreuzprobe)
U– = Harnsäure
U+ = Harnstoff
U/3 = upper third [A](oberes Drittel)
U/A = urine analysis [A](Urinuntersuchung)
U & C = urethral and cervical [A] • usual and customary [A]
U & E = urea and electrolytes [A](Harnstoff und Elektrolyte)
u/extr = upper extremity [A](obere Extremität)
U/I = unidentified [A]
U/l = units per liter [A][Einheiten pro Liter]
U & L = upper and lower [A]
U/m = Umdrehungen pro Minute
U/min = Umdrehungen pro Minute
u/o = under observation [A](unter Beobachtung)
u./o. = und/oder
U/P = Urin-/Plasmakonzentrationsverhältnis
U/s = Umdrehungen pro Sekunde
U/sec = Umdrehungen pro Sekunde
V/A = Voltampere [Einheit des elektrischen Widerstands]
vfg./e = eingeschränkt verwendungsfähig [Mil]
V/G = Prozentgehalt Volumen in Gewicht
V/m = Volts pro Meter [Einheit der elektrischen Feldstärke]
Vol% = Volumenprozent
Vol.-% = Volumenprozent
V/P = Ventilations-/Perfusionsverhältnis
V & P = vagotomy and polyroplasty [A]
V & PS = vibration and periperal sensation [A]
V/s = vibrations per second [A]
V/sec = vibrations per second [A]
V & T = volume and tension [of pulse][A](Schlagvolumen und Pulsspannung)
V & V = Vulva und Vagina
V/V = vice versa [L](umgekehrt) • volume for volume [A]
v/w = percentage volume in weight [A](Prozentgehalt Volumen in Gewicht)
w/ = with [A](mit)
w+ = weakly positive [A](schwach positiv)
/W = pro Woche
W/C = wheelchair [A](Rohrstuhl)
w/d = warm and dry [A] • well-developed [A](gut entwickelt) • wet to dry [A](feuchte und trockene
WD/WN = well developed - well nourished [A](guter Ernährungs- und Entwicklungszustand)
W/E = week-end [A](Wochenende) • wound of entry [A]
w/f = white female [A](weiß weiblich)
w : m = weiblich : männlich
w/m = white man [male][A](weiß männlich)
w/n = well nourished [A](gut ernährt)
W/O = Wasser-in-Öl [-Emulsion]
w/o = without [A](ohne)
W/O/W = Wasser - organische Phae - Wasser [-Emulsion]
WR/HT = weight/height [A]
wt/vol = weight per volume [A](Gewicht pro Volumen)
wt/wt = weight ratio [weight per weight][A]
w/v = weight in volume [A](Grammvolumenprozent)
~ = Medianwert [Sta]

x = [arithmetischer] Mittelwert [Sta] • except [A](außer)
X & D = examination and diagnosis [A]
Xp0= Verlust des langen Armes des X-Chromosoms
Y/A = years ago [A](Jahre vorher) • years of age [A](Alter)
Y/B = yellow/blue
y/o = years old [A]
Z'/Z'' = zunehmender Winkel einer Zuckung

Source: http://www.consilius.de/downloads/buchstabenundsonderzeichen.pdf

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