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Sub - sector
The proposed project envisages setting up of a Medical Herbs extraction unit, which will produce
finished products in the form of powder, oil, paste or aqueous solutions from extracted herbs. This
project is suggested considering the availability of wide range of natural herbs in Gujarat.
Medicinal herbs are widely used as diet supplements and treating illness like valerian. The extract of
natural herbs can be used in various formulations like Ayurvedic medicines, natural flavoring agents,
cosmetic ingredients and as natural ingredients in allopathic medicines.
Market & Growth Drivers
The global herbal market is estimated at US 60 billion dollars. China enjoys the lead, contributing 30%
to the world market. The growth rate for herbal market is estimated to be around 7% - 15% annually.
The market value of pharmaceuticals derived from plants used in traditional medicines exceeds USD
Herbal drugs are used in cardio vascular (27%), respiratory (15.3%), digestive (14.4%), hypnotics and
sedatives (9.3%), miscellaneous (12%).
The Indian annual production of herbal drugs is estimated around INR 1000 million, while the
medicinal plant value is about INR 50.0 billion and the anticipated export is around INR 5500 million.
Considering the rich assorted and varied botanical resources available in the country, the exported
value is not impressive. The Indian market has 1650 herbal formulation involving 540 major plant
There are medicinal plants exported from India in four forms:
As dried plants or plant parts. e.g. liquorice roots, Senna leaves, Vinca Rosea (Catharanthus
As extracts e.g. Sag of Opium poppy.
As isolated and purified active ingredients/intermediates e.g. Gymnema powder, Atropise
sulphate, menthal crystals, Calcium sennoside.
As ayurvedic, Unani, Siddh, and homeopathic formulations e.g. Over the counter (OTC)
drugs, and range of proprietary formulations. This also includes range of herbal cosmetic
Increasing awareness about adverse effects of synthetic drugs, such as steroids, anti-biotic,
pain killers, etc has boosted up the demand for medicinal herbs in domestic and export
Herbal drugs have no adverse effects and are safe to use.
Herbal extracts and powders are comparatively cheaper than synthetic drugs and
The herbal medicine will act as an alternate for the class who cannot afford the allopathic
drugs with the new product patent regime act and under WTO provisions.
India is seen as a reservoir of medicinal herbs and their uses by western countries.
The State has several medicinal plants growing in different regions. State enjoys presence of around
37 traders / manufacturer of the herbal plants. This is primarily due to favorable climatic conditions,
which provide a suitable environment for the growth of these plants. Particulars about some of the
important medicinal plants that are commercially cultivated and have potential for development are
List of Medicinal Plants available in Gujarat
There is availability of required industrial and basic infrastructure to carry out herbal processing and
developing products thereof, whether domestic or export oriented.
There are many processes patented through out the world for commercial extraction of plant
ingredients. Basically there are two methods of medicinal herbs extraction:
The most successful commercial method for plant extracts is Super Critical Carbon dioxide
extraction (liquid Carbon dioxide extraction) process which is very capital intensive.
The other is a combination of percolation and solvent extraction method, using suitable
organic solvents, where medicinal plants / seeds are first thoroughly washed and inspected
for removing unwanted impurities. The materials are subjected to boiling for decoction
followed by percolation by solvents.
Further the material is crushed to fine mass, homogenized and converted into the paste form,
prior to extraction of medicinal herbs.
Essential oils are commonly extracted by steam distillation. The basic still design is shown in the
figure. Steam is piped from a boiler into the bottom of the still vessel which contains the plant material.
The volatile oils in the plant material are released and carried upwards with the steam and pass from
the top of the still vessel through a condenser. Cold water flows continuously through a system of
internal tubing in the condenser, cooling the steam/oil mix to a liquid. The water and oil flow into a
separator (Florentine flask) where the oil, generally having a specific gravity less than water, floats the
surface and is collected. The still design, capacity, water purity levels and flow rates, operating
temperatures and length of distillation are important aspects that can affect the composition and
quality of the oil. Technical assistance to optimize extraction efficiency is necessary. Other products
used in the flavors and fragrance industry can be extracted from plants using a solvent extraction
system. A high degree of technical expertise and significant capital investment are needed to set up
To dry large quantities of crop effectively, a drying
shed equipped with a forced-air drier or a freeze drier
will be necessary. Volumes, drying temperature,
length of drying and drying technique play an
important role in the quality of the end product.
Specialist advice will be required to recommend
appropriate equipment and methods, to optimise
drying efficiency and minimise loss of critical plant
The type of packaging and how to meet consumer
demand and market specifications requires excellent
communication with the market. Specialist advice may
Generally herb products and essential oils should be stored in a cool, dry place away from sunlight
and protected from insect infestation. Essential oils should be bottled in glass or nonreactive metal
containers. A cool store or freezer may be necessary to store plant material before processing.
Detailed requirements should be obtained from the relevant authorities before setting up facilities.
As indicated previously there are several medicinal herbs available in Gujarat, both cultivated and
naturally growing. Gujarat Forest corporation is collecting several herbs from the forests of Gujarat.
Apart from this there are several traders who are collecting these herbs from tribals as exchange for
supplying their daily necessities. As per trade estimate Gujarat is having total herbal market of 50,000
MT to 70,000 MT and against this processing is done only for 25000 to 30, 000 MT per annum. There
is sufficient availability of required herbs for the proposed unit as the capacity suggested is only 5000
MT per annum and which is much lower than the herbs quantity available in Gujarat.
Suggested Plant Capacity & Project Cost
Capacity - 5000 MT of input for herbal extracts and mix of herbal extracts.
Capital cost is estimated to be INR 90 million or USD 2 million.
Estimated Block Capital Cost of Project and Means of Finance
Cost of project
INR in Million
Total Fixed Assets
Estimated Block Capital Cost of Project
Means of Finance
Total Means of Finance
The Proposed project will have land area of 10000 Sq. mt and building size proposed is 2500 Sq.mt.
The Fixed cost of project estimated is INR 82.16 million and adding working capital margin of INR
7.84 million total project cost is estimated at INR 90 million. The project will have Debt: Equity ratio of
2:1 and accordingly promoter will bring INR 30 million against the term loan amount of INR 60 million.
Plant & Machinery Required
The proposed project of medicinal herbs extraction unit would require the following as basic and
List of Plant and Machinery
Techno Process Equipments (India) Pvt.
Anand Refrigeration Co. Pvt Ltd – Delhi
Real Engineers and Boilers Repairers,Ahmedabad, Gujarat
Oilex Engineers (India) Pvt. Ltd.- Mumbai
Pouch Packing Machine, FullyAutomatic Powder Filling Machine
Liquid Filling Machine, StickerLabeling Machine
The proposed project of Medicinal herbs extraction will have electrical connected load of 150 HP and
utilization will be approx.120 HP on regular basis. The unit will require approx.30 KL water for
cleaning and cooling system of medicinal herb extraction plant.
Estimated Man Power Required
The proposed project will have total manpower requirement of 20 persons. This will include 3
managerial posts, 3 supervisory post, 6 operators, 2 engineering maintenance staff like and 6
accounts, administrative and security staff.
The suggested districts for the location of the proposed project are: Panchmahal, Dangs, Junagadh,
Sabarkantha, Valsad, Navsari & Kutch.
Project Time Line
The proposed project will have cumulative implementation period of 8 to 10 months of which 3 to 4
months would entail obtaining the obligatory clearances from various authorities.
The project will have Debt equity ratio of 2 : 1 and IRR for 10 years period will be 28%.
financial ratios are summarized in following table:
Key Financial Indicators
The proposed unit will have to register itself with Secretariat of Industrial Approvals (SIA), Ministry of
Industries and Government of India, by filing Industrial Entrepreneur’s Memorandum (IEM), as it will
have plant and machinery investment of more than INR 10 million.
The proposed project is for medicinal herbs extraction and has domestic and export market in
advance countries like USA, Canada, Europe, Japan and CIS countries. The unit will require to get
register their product with Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) in these countries, apart from
registration with Indian and state food and drugs administration.
The unit will get EOU registration from RBI, DGFT and with CHEMEXCIL as registered manufacturer
exporter to avail export incentives.
Being an EOU the unit will have to follow strict quality standards as accepted in the countries where
Agencies to be contacted
Gujarat Agro Industries Corporation Ltd.
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